UNIQUENESS OF JAIMINI ASTROLOGY
Indian Hindu sage Jaimini developed a differnt and accurate system of Astrology which is called Jaimini Astrology or Jaimini Jyothish. In this system, the subject of Astrology is dealt in the form of sutras or brief verses and hence they are called Jaimini Sutras. Jaimini aspects, karaka planets, karakamsa lagna, bhava arudham, upapadam are terms used in Jaimini astrology.
Sage Parashara is most important founder of the Hindu or Vedic Astrology practiced in India today. Parashara's son Sage Veda Vyasa classified Hindu Vedas into 4 parts. Besides teaching Vedas, he also taught Astrology to many of his disciples. Sage Jaimini is one of the disciples of Veda Vyasa.
Sage Jaimini learned Astrology not only from Veda Vyasa but also from his father Sage Parashara. After learning Astrology from Parashara, Jaimini developed his own system of Astrology which is called 'Jaimini Astrology' or 'Jaimini System of Astrology'. In this system, the subject of Astrology is dealt in the form of sutras (brief verses). These are called 'Jaimini Sutras'.
Jaimini also wrote the 'Purva Mimamsa Sutras'. Mimamsa means inquiry or search that leads to the awareness of the Supreme Being. The Purva Mimamsa is one of the 6 systems of Hindu philosophy namely: Nyaaya, Vaisesika, Samkhya, Yoga, Meemamsa and Tarka.
Jaimini System of Astrology
The basic 12 signs (rasis), 12 cusps (bhavas) and 27 stars (nakshatras) are same in both Parashara Astrology and Jaimini Astrology. But, there are major differences in some areas. For example, in Parashara Astrology, the planets have aspects to each other. For example, the planet Jupiter will have its aspect to other planets located in 5th , 7th or 9th sign from it. But, in Jaimini Astrology, planets do not have any aspects. The aspects are considered from signs.
We know that there are 3 types of signs; Cardinal (chara), Fixed (sthira) and Common (Dwisvabhaava), namely:
a) Cardinal signs: Aries, Cancer, Libra and Capricorn.
b) Fixed signs: Taurus, Leo, Scorpio and Aquarius.
c) Common signs: Gemini, Virgo, Sagittarius and Pisces.
According to Jaimini, a cardinal sign will aspect all the fixed signs, except the sign located next to it. For example, Aries will aspect Leo, Scorpio and Aquarius. But Aries will not aspect Taurus.
A fixed sign aspects all the cardinal signs, except the sign located previous to it. For example, Taurus will aspect Cancer, Libra and Capricorn but it will not aspect Aries.
A common sign aspects all the other three common signs. For example, Gemini will aspect the signs Virgo, Sagittarius and Pisces.
When a planet is positioned in a sign, its affect will be felt on the other signs and the planets located in those signs, according to the above rules. For example, in the example horoscope, Venus is located in Taurus and hence its affect can be seen on Cancer, Libra, Capricorn and the planet Moon and Ascendant. Since Venus is aspecting both the Ascendant and Moon, it is treated as 'Yogada graha' which means Venus is capable of giving overall prosperity and success to this native.
The roles played by planets are identified by their longitudes. First, we should arrange the planets in the decreasing order of their longitudes. In any sign, if a planet has highest longitude, then it is considered as Atma karaka (Atma = soul, karaka = significator). Such a planet influences the physical appearance, intelligence, energy, strengths and weaknesses, and represents the inner soul of the native. In the example horoscope, the planet with highest longitude is Venus (24 degrees 31 minutes). Hence Venus is Atma Karaka.
The planet which is having next highest longitude is called Amatya karaka. For example, in the example horoscope, Jupiter will become Amatya karaka. In this way, karaka planets should be found by decreasing longitudes. Please see the following table for better understanding. In deciding the karaka planets, we should not take Rahu and Kethu into consideration.
Table with karaka planets for the example horoscope
|1||Venus||24 d 31 m||Atma karaka|
|2||Jupiter||23 d 42 m||Amatya karaka|
|3||Sun||11 d 30 m||Brhatru karaka|
|4||Saturn||8 d 16 m||Matru karaka|
|5||Moon||4 d 45 m||Putra karaka|
|6||Mercury||1 d 23 m||Jnathi karaka|
|7||Mars||0 d 31 m||Dara karaka|
Atma karaka: Rules the inner soul of the native. It influences the physical appearance, form, color, intelligence, energy, strengths and weaknesses.
Amatya karaka: Rules the wealth, education, career, job, speech, knowledge, spiritual inclination, politics, authority, luck and travels.
Brhatru karaka: Influences brothers and sisters, father, servants, skill, death of parents, higher education, foreign travel, profits, wealth and friends.
Matru karaka: Influences mother's related affairs, happiness, luxuries, primary education, jewelry, movable and immovable assets like houses and lands, and vehicles.
Putra karaka: Rules intelligence, education, children, honor in the society, mantra recitation, business in shares or speculation, skill in writing, wealth, loss of job, father.
Jnathi karaka: Rules enemies, diseases, accidents, debts, obstacles, court litigations, maternal relatives, competition, adoption, inheritance, research, imprisonment, foreign relations, spiritual contentment, chronic diseases, longevity.
Dara karaka: Rules the affairs of spouse, partnerships, foreign travel, foreign trading, reaching the top position, name and fame in the society.
The karaka planets shown in the above table will change from horoscope to horoscope. Hence they are called 'Chara karakas' (variable significators). Apart from these, Jaimini gave constant roles to 4 planets. Hence these are called 'Sthira karakas' (fixed significators). They are:
Mars: This planet rules brothers, sisters, and relatives.
Venus: This planet rules mother, siblings of mother, spouse, parents, in-laws.
Mercury: This planet represents maternal uncles, step mother.
Jupiter: Indicates grandparents, husband, father and children.
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Karakamsa Lagna represents a special point that provides important information regarding the future of the person. To find out the Karakamsa Lagna, we should draw the Navamsa (D-9) chart first. In this chart, find out the sign where Atma karaka planet is located. That sign in the natal chart will become the Karakamsa Lagna. In the example horoscope, Atma karaka is Venus who is in the sign Leo in Navamsa chart (this chart is not shown). Hence, in the natal chart, Leo will become Karakamsa Lagna. Karakamsa Lagna and the planets posited in the Karakamsa Lagna will provide a lot of information about the life the person.
For example, when Leo becomes the Karakamsa Lagna, the person will have trouble from dogs or wild animals. He would like to spend time in hills, meditation rooms, and focuses mainly on power and authority. There are chances that he may fall from high place or position.
Bhava Arudham or Padams
We know that there are 12 bhavas (cusps) starting from Ascendant, 2nd bhava, 3rd bhava, … 12th bhava. Bhava Arudham represents a special point that is calculated for each of these 12 bhavas. Bhava Arudham influences the ability of the native in different departments of life. Bhava Arudham gives a picture regarding the status of the native in the eyes of the society.
Bhava Arudham should be calculated as follows: count the number of signs from bhava to the lord of that bhava. Then count those many signs from the bhava lord position. In the example horoscope, let us calculate Bhava Arudham for the Ascendant. The Ascendant is Cancer. Its lord is Moon which is posited in the same sign. Counting from Cancer to the position of Moon (i.e. Cancer), we got 1. Now start counting 1 from the Cancer. It means Cancer will be counted as 1. Hence Cancer will be the Bhava Arudham for the Ascendant. This is also called 'Lagna padam'.
Similarly we should calculate Bhava Arudham for 2nd bhava. This bhava is Leo whose lord Sun is in Aries. Counting from Leo to Aries, we will have 9. Count 9 signs from Aries and we get Sagittarius. This is the Bhava Arudham for the 2nd bhava which is called 'Dhana padam'. In this way, we will have 12 padams starting from Ascendant till 12th bhava. They are: 1. Lagna Arudha or Lagna padam, 2. Dhana Arudha or Dhana padam, 3. Vikramaarudha or Bhratru padam, 4. Vaahanarudha or Matru padam, 5. Mantraarudha or Mantra padam or putra padam, 6. Rogaarudha or roga padam or satru padam, 7. Daararudha or daara padam, 8. Ashtamaarudha or Ayur padam, 9. Bhagyaarudha or Bhagya padam, 10. Rajyarudha or Rajya padam, 11. Laabharudha or Laabha padam, 12. Upapadam.
The Lagna Arudham for the example horoscope is Cancer. This place is occupied by Moon. Jaimini says that when Lagna Arudham is occupied by Jupiter or Venus or Moon, the native will become Government officer or Political leader.
The planets posited in the 11th house from Lagna Arudham will represent the source of income. When good planets are found there, the person will earn in righteous ways. When bad planets are there, the person will earn by hook or crook.
In the example horoscope, Daara Arudham or Daara padam (calculated for 7th bhava) is Taurus. This sign becomes the 11th bhava from the Ascendant. When Daara padam falls in the 11th bhava, there will be good friendship between the wife and husband.
When Daara padam falls in Kendra (4,7,10) or kona (5,9) bhavas from the Ascendant, then there will be very good married life. The native will enjoy good wealth. When Daara padam falls in 6,7 or 8th bhavas, then there will be troubled married life.
Similarly Upapadam which is calculated for 12th bhava gives details about marital life and health disorders. In the example horoscope, Upapadam is Aries which is occupied by Mars and Sun. When exalted planet is posited in Upapadam (Sun is exalted here), the native gets his spouse from a rich and royal family. When Upapadam is occupied by a debilitated or weak planet, the native will have spouse from a low class family. Benefic planets in the Upapadam represent a beautiful partner and malefics represent ugly partner.
Dasa systems in Jaimini Astrology
Jaimini uses Rasi mahadasas (sign mahadasas), in contrast to the Graha (planetary) mahadasas used in Parasari Astrology System. There are 2 types of dasa systems mainly used in Jaimini System. They are Chara dasa and Sthira dasa.
1. Chara (variable) dasa system:
In this system, dasas start from whichever sign is in the Ascendant. In the example horoscope, the Ascendant falls in Cancer. Hence, the dasas will start from Cancer. The next dasa should be counted either in clockwise or anti-clockwise direction depending upon whether the Ascendant is sama pada or vishama pada.
The following Ascendants are called sama pada rasis: Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Libra, Scorpio, Sagittarius.
The following Ascendants are called vishama pada rasis: Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Capricorn, Aquarius, Pisces.
Take the 9th sign from the Ascendant. If it is sama pada rasi, then count the dasas from the Ascendant rasi in clockwise order. If the 9th sign is vishama pada rasi, then count in anti- clockwise order.
In the example horoscope, the Ascendant is Cancer. 9th sign from Cancer is Pisces which is vishama pada rasi. Hence, the dasas should be counted in anti-clockwise order from Cancer onwards as: Cancer, Gemini, Taurus, Aries, Pisces, Aquarius, Capricorn, Sagittarius, Scorpio, Libra, Virgo, Leo.
So, for this native the first dasa will be of Cancer, followed by Gemini and then Taurus etc.
Another example. For Aries Ascendant person, the 9th sign will be Sagittarius which is sama pada rasi. Hence, the dasas happen in clockwise order starting from Aries as: Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, Sagittarius, Capricorn, Aquarius, Pisces.
To determine the length of the maha dasas, look at the placement of the ruler of the signs. If the ruler's sign is sama pada, then count in clockwise order from the sign to the ruler. If the ruler's sign is vishama pada, then count in anti-clockwise order. After that, deduct 1. If a planet is in its own sign, it is assigned 12 years.
In the example horoscope, Cancer is the Ascendant. Hence, the starting dasa is of Cancer sign. Since Moon who is lord of this sign is posited there, its dasa length will be 12 years. After Cancer dasa, the next dasa will be of Gemini. Since Gemini is sama pada, count in clockwise order to its lord's placement (i.e. place of Mercury). It gives 12. Then subtract 1. So, 12-1 = 11 years. Similarly, The next dasa will be of Taurus. Its lord is Venus posited in Taurus. Hence, Taurus dasa period will be 12 years. The next dasa will be of Aries whose lord is Mars in Aries. Hence its dasa period will be 12 years. The next dasa will be of Pisces whose lord is Jupiter in 4th house. Hence it s dasa period will be 4-1 = 3 years duration. In this way maha dasa periods should be calculated.
Jaimini gives special rules for Scorpio and Capricorn signs.
a. If anyone planet either Mars or Ketu, is placed in Scorpio, then we should use the other to calculate the number of years for the dasa and ignore the one placed in Scorpio. Then deduct 1.
b. If both Mars and Kethu are placed in Scorpio, we should take 12 years without any deductions.
c. If both of them are placed in a rasi other than Scorpio, then count to the stronger planet in that two and deduct 1.
In the same way, we should do for Saturn and Rahu in Capricorn sign.
Similarly, each antar dasa (sub period) will be in months equal to the number of years as of dasa period. In the example horoscope, the Cancer dasa period is having 12 years duration. Its sub periods will be Cancer-Gemini, Cancer-Taurus, Cancer-Aries, Cancer-Pisces, Cancer-Aquarius, Cancer-Capricorn, Cancer-Sagittarius, Cancer-Scorpio, Cancer- Libra, Cancer-Virgo, Cancer-Leo and then Cancer-Cancer.
Here the first antar dasa Cancer-Gemini will be of 11 months and second antar dasa Cancer-Taurus will be of 12 months and the third antar dasa Cancer-Aries will be of 12 months, and of Cancer-Pisces will be of 3 months, etc.
2. Sthira (fixed) dasa system:
In this system, the dasa periods will have fixed durations. To know, this system, we should first calculate 'Brahma graha'. The following rules will help to know the Brahma graha:
a. Find out which bhava is stronger in the Ascendant and 7th bhavas. If the Ascendant is stronger, then count from the Ascendant to the stronger planet among 6th, 8th and 12th bhava lords. If 7th bhava is stronger than the Ascendant, then counting should be done from 7th.
b. The stronger planet among 6th or 8th or 12th lords counted from either Ascendant or from 7th will become Brahma graha.
c. Saturn and Rahu cannot become Brahma grahas. In case, Saturn or Rahu happen to become Brahma graha, then we should take the lord of 6th bhava from that planet (i.e. either Saturn or Rahu) as Brahma graha.
Sthira dasa periods will start from that sign where Brahma graha is found. The dasa periods will start from that sign onwards, always in clockwise direction.
In the example horoscope, Ascendant lord Moon is posited in the Ascendant and hence it is stronger than the 7th house. Hence, dasa periods will start from Cancer onwards as: Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, Sagittarius, Capricorn, Aquarius, Pisces, Aries, Taurus, Gemini.
Cardinal signs (ex: Aries, Cancer, etc.) will have 7 years maha dasa period. Fixed signs (ex: Taurus, Leo, etc.) will have 8 years period. Common signs (ex: Gemini, Virgo, etc.) will have 9 years period. In the example horoscope, Cancer dasa period will have 7 years maha dasa period as it is a common sign. The antar dasa (sub periods) in Cancer will be: Cancer-Cancer, Cancer-Leo, Cancer-Virgo, Cancer-Libra, Cancer-Scorpio, Cancer-Sagittarius, Cancer-Capricorn, Cancer-Aquarius, Cancer-Pisces, Cancer-Aries, Cancer-Taurus, Cancer-Gemini. The first antar dasa period of Cancer-Cancer will last for 7 months, Cancer-Leo will last for 8 months, Cancer-Virgo will last for 9 months and Cancer-Libra will last for 7 months and so on.
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